The cause of tennis elbow is an inflammation of the muscle attachments on the lateral epicondyle of the elbow and
Tennis Elbow Treatment
will be required. Is a variety of tendinitis. Lateral epicondylitis, also called “tennis elbow” is the term used when the muscle attachments on the side of the elbow are inflamed. Medial epicondylitis, epitrocleitis or “golf elbow” refers to inflammation of muscle attachments on the inside of the elbow. In both types of epicondylitis pain may occur at the level of muscle insertion into the bone of the elbow or may radiate to the forearm muscles and occasionally to the wrist.
Epicondylitis is usually related to overuse or direct trauma to the area. The pain is worse after a heavy or repetitive use of the limb. Activities that involve gripping or rotation of the forearm strong aggravating especially.
NON SURGICAL TENNIS ELBOW TREATMENT
Nonsurgical treatment has three main components: protection, reduction of inflammation and strengthening the muscles and tendons.
- Reduce activities that cause pain
- Modify activities that aggravate pain
- Reduce the time or intensity of activity
- Perform stretching breaks
Other protection methods include using an elastic elbow brace or splint wrist and occasionally cast immobilization. A stretching program can be useful for reducing muscle tension on the tendon affection. The stretches include the affected arm and neck, upper back and shoulder, hand, wrist, forearm and triceps.
The second component of non-surgical treatment is aimed at decreasing inflammation of the tendon. This can be achieved with ice, physical therapy modalities (such as ultrasound or iontophoresis), anti-inflammatory medication and injections of corticosteroids.
You can apply these simple treatments at home:
Apply ice after exercise periods / work to reduce inflammation and get temporary relief from pain. For the application of ice surrounding the elbow and forearm with a damp cloth and place a bag of crushed ice on it. Keep ice for 15-20 minutes.
Friction massage and ice: Can be used to reduce inflammation and promote healing of the inflamed tendons. Ice causes constriction of the vessel surface, the friction dilators. To apply ice massage, fill a plastic cup with water and place in freezer. Cut the top half of the plastic cup. Gently massage the painful area with ice dunks every five minutes.
For friction massage, use the tips of the thumb or index. Rub the painful area. Start with light pressure and gradually go up to apply firm pressure. Continue the massage for 3-5 minutes. Alternating ice and massage, always ending with the icing so that the affected area will not remain inflamed. Repeat 2 or 3 times a day.
The third component of non-surgical treatment consists of stretching and strengthening exercises of the muscles and tendons affections. This is usually done after the above steps have managed to decrease the pain. In some cases, when pain does not improve with other measures, a strengthening program will lead to complete resolution of symptoms.
Your tennis elbow treatment should start with the exercises once you have been without pain for several days. The stretching and strengthening exercises are necessary for proper rehabilitation. The stretching of the flexors and extensors of the forearm as described will help to prevent muscle imbalance.